August 1988 - Delta
Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a Boeing 727 Advanced, registration number
N473DA, was a commercial airline flight that flew from Jackson, Mississippi,
to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport to Salt Lake City International
Airport in Salt Lake City, Utah. On August 31, 1988, Flight 1141 crashed
after takeoff from Dallas-Fort Worth Airport.
Flight DL1141 (Jackson - Dallas - Salt Lake City) left Gate 15 at 08.30h
and was instructed to taxi to runway 18L. When first in line for take-off
(at 08.59h) the flight was cleared for takeoff. The takeoff was uneventful
until the airplane reached the rotation phase (at 154kts, 6017ft down
the runway). As the main gear wheels left the ground, the airplane began
to roll violently, causing the right wingtip to contact the runway (1033ft
after lift-off), followed by compressor surges. The plane continued
and struck the ILS localizer antenna array 1000ft past the end of runway
18L. After impacting the antenna installation, the airplane remained
airborne for an additional 400ft, then struck the ground, traversed
a ground depression and slid sideways until it came to rest near the
airport perimeter fence, 3200ft from the runway end. Parts of the aircraft
had separated in the slide and a fire had erupted in the right wing
area, quickly engulfing the rear, right side of the airplane after it
came to rest.
Two cabin crew members (out of four) and twelve of the 101 passengers
on board lost their lives: a total of 14 deaths. One passenger, who
sat in 29C and had exited the aircraft through the aft break in the
left side of the fuselage,:37 attempted to re-enter the aircraft, received
burn wounds, and died 11 days later.
The flight crew consisted of 3: Captain Larry Davis, 48, a veteran
Delta pilot, First Officer Gary Kirkland, 37, and Flight Engineer Steven
Judd, 31. The cabin crew consisted of 4 Flight Attendants: Dixie Dunn,
56, Diana George, 40, Rosilyn Marr, 43, and Mary O'Neill, 57. Flight
Attendants Dixie Dunn and Rosilyn Marr died in the crash.
Two flight crew members, two cabin crew members, and 22 passengers
were seriously injured. One flight crew member and 49 passengers received
minor injuries. 18 passengers received no injuries.
PROBABLE CAUSE: "(1) The captain and first officer's inadequate
cockpit discipline which resulted in the flight crew's attempt to takeoff
without the wing flaps and slats properly configured; and (2) the failure
of the takeoff configuration warning system to alert the crew that the
airplane was not properly configured for the takeoff. Contributing to
the accident was Delta's slow implementation of necessary modifications
to its operating procedures, manuals, checklists, training and crew
checking programs which were necessitated by significant changes in
the airline following rapid growth and merger. Also contributing to
the accident was the lack of sufficiently aggressive action by the FAA
to have known deficiencies corrected by Delta and the lack of sufficient
accountability within the FAA's air carrier inspection process."
the full NTSB report
Transcript of the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR)
F/O: Power's set, engine instruments look good, airspeed's coming up
S/O: Eighty knots
F/O: Engine failure!
F/O: We got an engine failure!
F/O: We're not gonna make it!
CA: 140 knots
CA: Full Power Up!
[Impact and Screams]
[End of Recording]
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