2 October 1996 - Aeroperu 603

Flight 603, a B757 with registration N52AW, took off from Lima runway 15 at 12.42h am for a flight to Santiago. Five minutes after take-off the crew reported problems with their instruments and stated they wanted to return to the airport.

During the initial climb, the airspeed and altitude indications were too low. In calm winds, the windshear warning suddenly sounded. The aircraft climbed to FL130, before a return to Lima was initiated. While returning, the captain's airspeed and altitude indications were too high, causing an overspeed warning. At the same time, the co-pilot's airspeed indications were too low, triggering the stick shaker.

The aircraft kept descending and impacted the water with the left wing and no.1 engine at a 10 degrees angle, at a speed of 260kts. The aircraft pulled up to about 200ft and crashed inverted. The captain's airspeed indicated 450kts and altitude 9500ft.

Preliminary investigation results showed that the aircraft's three static ports on the left side were obstructed by masking tape. The tape had been applied before washing and polishing of the aircraft prior to the accident flight.


Transcript of the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR)

 

00:40:17 (00:00)
Ground control
...WAIT MAJOR ON COURSE CODE 5603 FOR RADAR TEST

00:40:24 (00:07)
Copilot to control
AUTHORIZED TO SANTIAGO INITIAL 290, ARPON 1, 5603

00:40:33 (00:16)
Ground control
AEROPERU 603, CAN YOU REPEAT AUTHORIZATION?

00:40:39 (00:22)
Copilot to control
AEROPERU 603, AUTHORIZED TO SANTIAGO, ARPON NUMBER ONE, INITIAL LEVEL 290 AND AFTERWARDS ON COURSE TRANSPONDER 5603

00:40:47 (00:30)
Ground control
CORRECT, EIGHTEEN LIMA TOWER

00:40:48 (00:31)
Copilot to control
ROGER

00:40:50 (00:33)
Pilot
LET'S GO TO TOWER

00:40:58 (00:41)
Copilot to tower
LIMA TOWER, AEROPERU 603, RUNWAY 15, READY FOR TAKEOFF

00:41:01 (00:44)
Tower
AEROPERU 603, USE NOISE ATTENUATION, WIND CALM, YOU ARE AUTHORIZED TO TAKEOFF RUNWAY 15

00:41:07 (00:50)
Pilot
ONE FIVE, ONE FIVE, TRANSPONDER.

00:41:13 (00:56)
Copilot
FLAPS ONE FIVE, TAKE OFF BRIEFING COMPLETE

00:41:17 (01:00)
Pilot
TAKEOFF 41, WHAT A PRECISION... NOT EVEN THE SWISS...

00:41:28 (01:11)
Copilot
TIME CHECK

00:41:30 (01:13)
Pilot
LET'S GO

00:41:31 (01:14)
Pilot
WITH SEVENTEEN EIGHT

00:41:35 (01:18)
Copilot
EPR

00:41:37 (01:20)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ENGINES ACCELERATING)

00:41:44 (01:27)
Pilot
POWER'S SET

00:41:45 (01:28)
Copilot
POWER'S SET

00:41:47 (01:31)
Pilot
EIGHTY KNOTS

00:41:48 (01:31)
Copilot
CHECKED

00:41:57 (01:40)
Pilot
V ONE

00:41:58 (01:41)
Pilot

ROTATE

00:41:01 (01:44)
Pilot
V TWO

00:42:02 (01:45)
Cabin
(CLICK SOUND )

00:42:03 (01:46)
Pilot
POSITIVE

00:42:05 (01:48)
Copilot
GEAR UP

00:42:05 (01:48)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO LANDING GEAR CONTROL MOVING)

00:42:10 (01:53)
Pilot
RIGHT, V TWO PLUS TEN

00:42:12 (01:55)
Copilot
THE ALTIMETERS ARE STUCK
(They observe the first instrument failure. According to the voice recording, copilot Fernandez was in command during take off. Pilot Schreiber will take command 4 minutes later)

00:42:14 (01:57)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO WINDSHEAR ALARM - THREE TIMES)

00:42:16 (01:59)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO WHEELS BREAKING)

00:42:23 (02:06)
Copilot
HEY, ALTIMETERS HAVE STUCK

00:42:26 (02:09)
Pilot
YEAH

00:42:26 (02:09)
Copilot
ALL OF THEM

00:42:28 (02:11)
Pilot
THIS IS REALLY NEW... KEEP V TWO PLUS TEN... V TWO PLUS TEN

00:42:35 (02:18)
Tower
AEROPERU 603, AIRBORNE 42, CALL EXIT 119.7.

00:42:38 (02:21)
Pilot
V TWO PLUS TEN... V TWO PLUS TEN

00:42:40 (02:23)
Copilot
THE SPEED...

00:42:41 (02:24)
Pilot
EH?

00:42:42 (02:25)
Copilot
THE SPEED...

00:42:43 (02:26)
Pilot
YEAH RIGHT, V TWO PLUS TEN...

00:42:49 (02:26)
Pilot
WHAT HAPPEN, NOT CLIMBING?

00:42:51 (02:34)
Copilot
I'M CLIMBING, BUT THE SPEED?

00:42:53 (02:36)
Pilot
HOLD IT, NO... KEEP THE SPEED.

00:42:54 (02:37)
Tower

AEROPERU 603, 119.7.

00:42:57 (02:40)
Pilot to tower
603

00:43:00 (02:43)
Pilot
POSITIVE, EH, PUT TEN DEGREES, WE ARE DESCENDING.

00:43:06 (02:49)
Copilot
RUDDER RATIO
(Rudder ratio alarm activates indicating abnormal situation in speed sensors. This warns the pilot to avoid large or abrupt rudder inputs. This is one of the signals that will hold the attention of the pilots during all the emergency)

00:43:11 (02:54)
Pilot
HOW STRANGE...

00:43:15 (02:58)
Pilot
TURN TO THE RIGHT...

00:43:19 (03:02)
Pilot
WELL... GO UP! GO UP! GO UP! GO UP! GO UP! GO UP!

00:43:22 (03:05)
Copilot
I'M...

00:43:23 (03:06)
Pilot
?

00:43:26 (03:09)
Pilot
GO UP! YOU ARE GOING DOWN... EH, DAVID.

00:43:29 (03:12)
Copilot
I AM UP, BUT THE SPEED...

00:43:31 (03:14)
Pilot
YEAH, BUT IT'S STUCK... MACH TRIM, RUDDER RATIO... NOW YOU ARE...

00:43:38 (03:21)
Pilot
GO UP! GO UP! GO UP! GO UP! GO UP HEADING ONE HUNDRED... EH... IT'S OK, THIS COURSE.

00:43:45 (03:28)
Copilot
PUT THE... CLIMB THRUST... CENTER AUTOPILOT IN COMMAND.

00:43:52 (03:35)
Pilot
EHH... I DON'T THINK SO... LET ME SEE...

00:43:56 (03:39)
Copilot
NO COMMAND... THE SPEED IS BETTER NOW...

00:44:00 (03:43)
Pilot
YEAH, SHIT, RUDDER RATIO.
(Schreiber keeps busy with the Rudder Ratio alarm)

00:44:06 (03:49)
Copilot
YEAH... I HAVE... LET'S SEE, SOURCE SELECTOR.
(Fernandez means selecting an alternate static source of information for instruments)

00:44:11 (03:54)
Pilot
YEAH, SHIT, RUDDER RATIO.

00:44:14 (03:57)
Copilot
MACH TRIM, MACH TRIM.
(This signal shows when airplane is flying at high speed and the stabilizer stops functioning)

00:44:16 (03:59)
Pilot
THE SPEED... LET'S GO TO BASIC INSTRUMENTS, EVERYTHING HAS GONE SHIT.

00:44:19 (04:02)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

00:44:22 (04:05)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT ALARM)

00:44:26 (04:09)
Copilot to tower
TOWER, AEROPERU 603

00:44:28 (04:11)
Pilot
WE ARE IN EMERGENCY
(Schreiber asks copilot to declare emergency)

00:44:31 (04:14)
Tower
AEROPERU 603, TOWER, GO ON

00:44:32 (04:15)
Copilot to tower
OK. WE DECLARE EMERGENCY! WE HAVE NO BASIC INSTRUMENTS, NO ALTIMETER, NO SPEEDOMETER, WE DECLARE AN EMERGENCY!

00:44:41 (04:24)
Tower
ROGER, ALTITUDE?

00:44:44 (04:27)
Pilot
AHH...

00:44:45 (04:28)
Copilot to tower
WE DON'T HAVE, WE HAVE UNTIL THOUSAND FEET... APPROXIMATELY 1,700

00:44:50 (04:33)
Pilot
1,700

00:44:50 (04:33)
Tower
1,000 FEET, ROGER, ROGER, AEROPERU 603, CONFIRM IF YOU CAN CHANGE FREQUENCY 119.7 TO RECEIVE INSTRUCTIONS FROM RADAR CONTROL.

00:45:01 (04:44)
Copilot
WE GO TO 119.7.

00:45:02 (04:45)
Pilot
AUTO-THROTTLE HAS DISCONNECTED.

00:45:05 (04:48)
Copilot
AUTO-THROTTLE HAS DISCONNECTED.

00:45:08 (04:51)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, WHAT READS THERE? LET...
(Pilot asks Fernandez about indications in the flight manual. Copilot reads)

00:45:11 (04:54)
Copilot
AUTO-THROTTLE DISCONNECT, RUDDER RATIO AND MACH SPEED INDICATOR.

00:45:14 (04:57)
Pilot
OK.

00:45:16 (04:59)
Copilot
500 FEET, IT'S GRABBING NOW... THESE ASSHOLES FROM MAINTENANCE MOVE EVERYTHING.

00:45:19 (05:02)
Pilot
WHAT SHIT HAVE THEY DONE?

00:45:21 (05:04)
Copilot
AUTO-THROTTLE , RUDDER RATIO, MACH SPEED TRIM.

00:45:26 (0 ›5:09)
Copilot to ATC
LET'S SEE IF YOU HAVE US ON THE RADAR, TOWER, AEROPERU 603.

00:45:32 (05:15)
Pilot
I HAVE THE COMMAND, EH... DON'T...
(Schreiber takes control)

00:45:33 (05:16)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603, LIMA

00:45:36 (05:19)
Pilot
AUTOPILOTS HAVE BEEN CONNECTED
(Schreiber realizes that the autopilot light is on)

00:45:38 (05:21)
Copilot
NO, NO, THEY ARE DISCONNECTED.

00:45:39 (05:22)
Pilot
AH.. ARE THEY ON?

00:45:41 (05:24)
Copilot
YES, BUT THEY ARE OFF, ONLY FLIGHT DIRECTOR IS ON.
(During the emergency pilot insists several times about autopilots, and even connects them. This bothers copilot Fernandez. They are using flight director for returning to Lima)

00:45:14 (05:27)
Copilot to ATC
LIMA, 603

00:45:46 (05:29)
Copilot
SPEED?

00:45:46 (05:29)
ATC Lima
603, LIMA

00:45:48 (05:31)
Pilot
IT'S MAINTAINING FIVE DEGREES

00:45:51 (05:34)
Copilot to ATC
WE REQUEST VECTORS FOR ILS , RUNWAY ONE FIVE.
(Fernandez requests indications for coming back, so they will start turning to the sea -west- and later to the north)

00:45:54 (05:37)
Pilot
NOT YET, NOT YET, LET'S STABILIZE.

00:45:56 (05:39)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, WE SUGGEST A RIGHT TURN HEADING 330

00:45:59 (05:42)
Pilot
LET'S SEE... IF YOU TAKE OUT... RUDDER RATIO, SAYS?

00:45:59 (05:42)
Cabin
(A ONE HERTZ SOUND BEGINS AND REMAINS)

00:46:01 (05:44)
Copilot to ATC
TURNING RIGHT, COURSE 330

00:45:03 (05:46)
ATC Lima
AFFIRMATIVE, AND KEEP PRESENT ALTITUDE

00:46:05 (05:48)
Pilot
ALTITUDE? WE CAN'T... WE ARE GOING UP.

00:46:07 (05:50)
Copilot to ATC
WHAT LEVEL DO WE HAVE, DO WE HAVE 4,000 FEET? LET'S SEE IF YOU CONFIRM US...

00:46:11 (05:54)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, KEEPING 4,000

00:46:15 (05:58)
Copilot to ATC
WE ARE KEEPING 4,000

00:46:16 (05:59)
ATC Lima
AFFIRMATIVE

00:46:19 (06:02)
Pilot
ATTITUDE, JUST ATTITUDE... THE RUDDER RATIO MUST BE... AUTO-THROTTLE DISCONNECT.

00:46:27 (06:10)
Copilot
REALLY... WE DON'T HAVE ANY CONTROL.

00:46:30 (06:13)
Pilot
WE DON'T HAVE CONTROL, NOT EVEN THE BASICS.

00:46:34 (06:17)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, CHECK EVERYTHING

00:46:36 (06:19)
Copilot
4,000 FEET

00:46:37 (06:20)
Pilot
OK, NEVER MIND, WE KEEP GOING UP.

00:46:40 (06:23)
Pilot
WE ARE FLYING WITHOUT SPEED, IT CAN'T BE... LET'S SEE, RESPOND

00:46:46 (06:29)
Copilot
SPEED IS ZERO, ALL SPEEDS

00:46:51 [06:34)
Copilot
*****

00:46:54 (06:37)
Copilot to ATC
WE AH... THE SPEED, PLEASE, IF YOU HAVE US ON THE RADAR?

00:46:56 (06:39)
ATC Lima
YES, AFFIRMATIVE, STAND BY TEN SECONDS, IT SEEMS THAT YOU ARE GOING UP, WITH LEVEL SIX ZERO, AT 22 MILES SOUTH, AND HEADING 195.

00:47:08 (06:51)
Copilot to ATC
OK. THAT IS RIGHT, WE HAVE COURSE 190 AND WE HAVE 7,000 FEET ON THE ALTIMETER.

00:47:16 (06:59)
ATC Lima
YES, CORRECT, NOW REACHING SEVEN ZERO

00:47:19 (07:02)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE CONTROL PROBLEMS...
(According to investigation they never had control problems, so copilot is probably referring to instruments and indicators problems like rudder ratio and speed trim signals)

00:47:22 (07:05)
Pilot
RUDDER RATIO

00:47:23 (07:06)
ATC Lima
OK, ROGER

00:47:25 (07:08)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, READ RUDDER RATIO AND MACH TRIM.

00:47:29 (07:12)
Copilot
FLIGHT CONTROLS... RUDDER RATIO... 1007

00:47:34 (07:17)
Pilot
ARE THERE RUDDER RATIO ON, OR NOT?

00:47:35 (07:18)
Copilot
YES

00:47:36 (07:19)
Pilot
EH.... YES

00:47:37 (07:20)
Copilot
YES, THEY ARE ON

00:47:38 (07:28)
Pilot
BOTH

00:47:39 (07:22)
Copilot
AVOID LARGE OR ABRUPT...
(Fernandez starts reading the manual)

00:47:38 (07:21)
ATC Lima
SAETA TRIPLE ONE YOU ARE IN POSITION "SIGAS", REACHING 3,000 FEET.
(Indication from ATC to another plane in frequency)

00:47:41 (07:24)
Pilot
WHAT?

00:47:36 (07 0:19)
Copilot
AVOID LARGE OR ABRUPT RUDDER INPUTS, IF NORMAL LEFT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE AVAILABLE....LEFT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AVAILABLE.... YES, CROSSWIND LIMIT, DO NOT ATTEMPT AN AUTO- LAND, SAYS...

00:47:54 (07:37)
Pilot
YEAH, BULLSHIT, WE CAN'T EVEN FLY..!

00:48:00 (07:43)
Copilot
I'M TRYING TO SET SPEED...

00:48:02 (07:45)
Pilot
BUT WE DON'T EVEN HAVE...

00:48:04 (07:47)
Copilot
AIR DATA

00:48:04 (07:47)
Pilot
AIR DATA... OK

00:48:07 (07:50)
Copilot
ALTERNATE AIR DATA , I AM SETTING IT

00:48:12 (07:55)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, OK

00:48:16 (07:59)
Copilot
NOTHING. EIGHT THOUSAND... NINE THOUSAND...

00:48:20 (08:03)
Copilot
THEY HAVEN'T PUT US ANYTHING

00:48:21 (08:04)
Pilot
HERE IT IS...

00:48:22 (08:05)
ATC Lima

AEROPERU 603, NOW YOU SHOW LEVEL NINE TWO HUNDRED... AH? WHAT IS YOUR COURSE NOW?
(They are flying over the sea and will later head north)

00:48:28 (08:11)
Pilot
WE ARE FLYING TWO HUNDRED

00:48:29 (08:12)
Copilot to ATC
COURSE TWO ZERO FIVE

00:48:31 (08:14)
ATC Lima
AFFIRMATIVE, YOU ARE TURNING SLOWLY TO THE RIGHT, CORRECT?

00:48:35 (08:18)
Copilot to ATC
NO, WE ARE KEEPING COURSE TO FLY AWAY FROM THE SHORE

00:48:36 (08:19)
Pilot
NO, WE ARE TRYING TO MAINTAIN COURSE... WE WILL TRY TO KEEP TEN THOUSAND FEET... ALTITUDE HOLD, SET IT... TEN THOUSAND FEET.

00:48:45 (08:28)
Copilot
FAST IS OUT NOW... FAST... ALTITUDE HOLD

00:48:48 (08:31)
ATC Lima
YOUR DISTANCE IS 30 MILES, YOU WANT COURSE FOR PROCEED TO LOCALIZER, RIGHT?

00:48:54 (08:37)
Copilot to ATC
CORRECT

00:48:55 (08:38)
Pilot
NOT YET, LET'S SOLVE THE PROBLEM.

00:48:56 (08:39)
ATC Lima
TURN RIGHT, HEADING 350, WE SUGGEST

00:48:58 (08:41)
Copilot
BUT WE ARE GOING AH...

00:48:59 (08:42)
Pilot
TAKE THE AUTOPILOTS OUT

00:49:00 (08:43)
Copilot
AUTOPILOTS ARE OUT

00:49:01 (08:44)
Pilot
YEAH, I KNOW

00:49:03 (08:46)
Copilot
IT IS LEVELED NOW

00:49:05 (08:48)
Pilot
NO.... GO ON

00:49:06 (08:49)
Copilot
WE WILL SET 10 THOUSAND FEET HERE IN THE AUTO...

00:49:08 (08:51)
Pilot
VERTICAL SPEED..... NO, NO, DON'T SET VERT SPEED HOLD, HOLD, ALTITUDE HOLD

00:49:14 (08:57)
Copilot
IN ELEVEN

00:49:15 (08:58)
Pilot
OK, IN ELEVEN THOUSAND FEET

00:49:17 (09:00)
Copilot
TWELVE, LET'S PUT TWELVE THEN

00:49:19 (09:02)
Pilot
OK. NOW IT'S INDICATING THE SPEED

00:49:21 (09:04)
Copilot to ATC
OK. WE ARE RECOVERING SPEED AND WE REQUEST KEEPING 12,000

00:49:28 (09:11)
Pilot
FLAPS... EH... FIVE
(Pilot realizes that they still have five degrees flaps after take off)

00:49:31 (09:14)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO FLAP COMMANDS MOVING)

00:49:28 (09:11)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, MAINTAIN LEVEL 120, REPORT STARTING TURN.... COURSE TO THE RIGHT, SUGGESTED COURSE 350

00:49:35 (09:18)
Copilot to ATC
ROGER

00:49:39 (09:22)
Pilot
DECREASE POWER TO ME

00:49:41 (09:24)
Pilot
FLAP UP

00:49:42 (09:25)
Copilot
FLAP UP

00:49:44 (09:27)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO FLAP COMMANDS MOVING)

00:49:46 (09:29)
Pilot
TWO TWENTY, WE WILL KEEP TWO TWENTY

00:49:50 (09:33)
Copilot
12,000 FEET

00:49:44 (09:27)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO BEAT)

00:49:52 (09:35)
Pilot
GO ON READING

00:49:54 (09:37)
Copilot
NOTHING ELSE... THE ONLY THING I MADE IS THE AIR DATA COMP...

00:49:56 (09:39)
Pilot
THE AUTO-THROTTLE... THE AUTOPILOT ARE ON

00:49:58 (09:41)
Copilot
THEY ARE NOT SET ON

00:49:59 (09:42)
Pilot
YES, THEY ARE

00:50:00 (09:43)
Copilot
NO, THEY ARE SWITCHED OFF, DO YOU WANT THE AUTO..?

00:50:03 (09:46)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, WE DISCONNECT THEM.

00:50:04 (09:47)
Copilot
ONE, COMMAND

00:50:06 (09:49)
Pilot
YES COMMAND

00:50:06 (09:49)
Copilot
CENTER

00:50:07 (09:50)
Pilot
OK

00:50:08 (09:51)
Copilot
FLAP UP

00:50:09 (09:52)
Pilot
OK

00:50:09 (09:52)
Copilot
FLAP UP

00:50:11 (09:54)
Pilot
OK... TWO

00:50:13 (09:56)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT)

00:50:14 (09:57)
Copilot
NOW WE ARE OK

00:50:14 (09:57)
Pilot
YES, NOW WE ARE OK.

00:50:15 (09:58)
Copilot
DO YOU WANT CENTER AUTOPILOT?

00:50:16 (09:59)
Pilot
YEAH
(Schreiber continued with the idea of connecting the autopilot. According to specialists, he should have discarded that idea and fly manually)

00:50:17 (10:00)
Copilot

LET'S PUT THIS

00:50:18 (10:01)
Pilot
TAKE THE SPEED OUT FOR ME

00:50:20 (10:03)
Copilot
CENTER AUTOPILOT

00:50:21 (10:04)
Cabin
(SOUND UNKNOWN)

00:50:25 (10:08)
Copilot
PULL HERE

00:50:28 (10:11)
Pilot
KEEP TRYING

00:50:29 (10:12)
Copilot
THERE IS NO AUTO-THROTTLE

00:50:30 (10:13)
Pilot
THERE IS NO AUTO-THROTTLE

00:50:33 (10:16)
Copilot
THERE IS NO AUTO-THROTTLE

00:50:34 (10:17)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT)

00:50:35 (10:18)
Pilot
THE SPEED... AUTOPILOT OFF

00:50:36 (10:19)
Copilot
AIRSPEED... AUTOPILOT OFF

00:50:38 (10:21)
Pilot
AT TWO TWENTY WE WILL KEEP MANUAL

00:50:40 (10:23)
Copilot
OK

00:50:41 (10:24)
Pilot
WHY DON'T DISCONNECT THE...

00:50: 44 (10:27)
Copilot
DO YOU WANT TO DISCONNECT THEM?

00:50:45 (10:28)
Pilot
SURE

00:50:46 (10:29)
Copilot
THEY ARE DISCONNECTED, ONLY FLIGHT DIRECTOR IS ON

00:50:49 (10:32)
Pilot
CORRECT

00:50:51 (10:34)
Copilot
OK, TWO TWENTY, A LITTLE MORE SPEED

00:50:53 (10:36)
Pilot
OK

00:50:54 (10:37)
Copilot
THE AUTO-THROTTLE IS GONE, DISCONNECT

00:50:56 (10:39)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603, YOU ARE 40 MILES FROM LIMA AND ACCORDING WITH INFORMATION ON SCREEN AT LEVEL 1-2-0, APPROXIMATE SPEED OVER THE GROUND IS 310 KNOTS.
(For the first time Control delivers speed information. This is not coming from the transponder, but from calculation of change of position and time.)

00:51:09 (10:52)
Pilot
ROGER, WE ARE AT 12,000 FEET AND WE HAVE RECOVER SPEED NOW

00:51:10 (10:53)
Copilot to ATC
ROGER... WE ARE... WE ARE AT 12,000 FEET, KEEPING SPEED, WE HAVE TWO THIRTY AND ARE TURNING TO COURSE THREE THIRTY †

00:51:18 (11:01)
ATC Lima
OK. ROGER

00:51:22 (11:05)
Copilot
RUDDER RATIO FOLLOWS..... MACH SPEED TRIM

00:51:25 (11:08)
Pilot
OK. LET'S SEE AH... READ ALL THAT... AUTO-THROTTLE IS CONNECT, COMMAND, 12,000 FEET HERE, CORRECT

00:51:34 (11:17)
Copilot
12,000 FEET

00:51:37 (11:20)
Copilot
AH... AUTO FLIGHT, NOW WHAT? AUTO-THROTTLE, RUDDER RATIO, I READ IT ALREADY... MACH SPEED TRIM, MACH SPEED IS IN NAVIGATION, FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS, FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS, AUTO FLIGHT, AUTO FLIGHT, ALTITUDE ALERT, AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT, RUDDER RATIO, OK

00:51:58 (11:41)
Pilot
HEY, SHIT, WE ARE GOING DOWN NOW!

00:52:00 (11:43)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT)

00:52:01 (11:44)
Pilot
HEY, SHIT, THIS AUTO-THROTT...THE AUTOPILOT IS FUCK OFF!

00:52:05 (11:48)
Copilot
SPEED, ALTITUDE ALERT, AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT...

00:52:10 (11:53)
Pilot
THREE THIRTY

00:52:12 (11:55)
Copilot
...AUTO PILOT INOPERATIVE, FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS SWITCH, MACH SPEED, I DON'T FIND THAT MACH SPEED TRIM... SPEED, WE HAVE SPEED PROBLEMS, INSTRUMENT SOURCE SELECTOR, FLIGHT DIRECTOR

00:52:27 (12:10)
Pilot
IT CAN'T BE. HEY, THE SPEED, LOOK. THE POWER WE HAVE... IT CAN'T BE!

00:52:32 (12:15)
Copilot
IT CAN'T BE, IT'S TRUE, IT'S WRONG... THREE THIRTY THIS ONE HERE

00:52:36 (12:19)
Pilot
YES, BUT THEY ARE EVEN, AREN'T THEY?

00:52:38 (12:21)
Copilot
OK, SET YOURS ON ALTERNATE AIR DATA, THE ONE DOWN THERE, THE LOWER BUTTON

00:52:43 (12:26)
Pilot
THE LOWER ONE...

00:52:43 (12:26)
Copilot
THE LOWER ONE, THE LOWER ONE, THE LOWER ONE, THE LOWER ONE, THAT LAST ONE... AIR DATA THERE IT IS.

00:52:48 (12:31)
Copilot
OH, SHIT. WORST

00:52:50 (12:33)
Copilot
YOUR ALTIMETER GOES TO SHIT!

00:52:52 (12:35)
Pilot
FUCK..! BASIC INSTRUMENTS, LET'S GO TO BASIC INSTRUMENTS!

00:52:59 (12:42)
Copilot
BASIC INSTRUMENTS

00:53:01 (12:44)
Pilot
EH.... THE AIR DATA GONE SHIT THERE

00:53:03 (12:46)
Cabin
(SOUND OF BEAT)

00:53:05 (12:48)
Copilot
I'LL FILL HERE THE DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL... ILS RUNWAY 15... INSERT.
(This shows that the computers were active. Fernandez sets information needed for landing. Even when he knows that the air data has problems, Fernandez concentrates in landing procedures. Schreiber on the contrary, is concern with indicators)

00:53:14 (12:57)
Pilot
OK. YOURS IS SCREWED UP... THE AIR DATA.

00:53:17 (13:00)
Copilot
TWO FOUR EIGHT, TWO FOUR EIGHT, NINETEEN SEVEN

00:53:21 (13:04)
Pilot
WE ARE WITH 330

00:53:22 (13:05)
Copilot
WITH THREE THIRTY

00:53:23 (13:06)
Pilot
EH...

00:53:24 (13:07)
Copilot
AND HOLDING...

00:53:26 (13:09)
Pilot
DO THE DESCENDING FOR ME

00:53:27 (1 3:10)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603 YOU ARE AT 40 MILES, CORRECT, FLYING PARALLEL COURSE 330, YOU ARE FLYING LEFT COURSE ABOUT TO INTERSECT WEST OF LIMA.

00:53:35 (13:18)
Copilot
IT IS FALLING.

00:53:40 (13:23)
Copilot to ATC
CORRECT, WE REQUEST VECTORS FROM THIS MOMENT ON

00:53:44 (13:27)
Pilot
WE ARE GOING TO STABILIZE AND... LET'S SEE... WE SET THE LEFT

00:53:48 (13:31)
Copilot
LEFT

00:53:49 (13:32)
ATC Lima
ROGER, WE SUGGEST COURSE THREE SIX ZERO

00:53:54 (13:37)
Copilot to ATC
THREE SIX ZERO

00:54:01 (13:44)
ATC Lima
THE LIMA VOR, DO YOU RECEIVE IT OK?

00:54:03 (13:46)
Copilot to ATC
AFFIRMATIVE

00:54:04 (13:47)
Pilot
YES, YES WE ARE

00:54:06 (13:49)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, IN CASE OF LOOSING COMMUNICATIONS, CROSSING RADIAL 315, TURN RIGHT TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER AND TO COMPLETE DE ILS, YOU CAN DESCENT UP TO 4,000 FEET

00:54:09 (13:52)
Pilot
THERE IS NO FLIGHT DIRECTOR.. NO AUTO-THROTTLE EITHER... AND WHERE... WHERE IS THIS GOING UP?

00:54:25 (14:08)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ENGINES ACCELERATING)

00:54:28 (14:11)
Copilot to ATC
OK. I UNDERSTAND, FOR... THREE ONE FIVE, TURN RIGHT TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER AH... WE STILL DON'T HAVE... AH...

00:54:37 (14:20)
Pilot
AUTO-THROTTLE OFF. HEY, YOU KNOW, IT'S..!

00:54:41 (14:24)
Copilot
IT'S FALLING!

00:54:42 (14:25)
Pilot
SHIT, YEAH!

00:54:44 (14:27)
Copilot
IT'S GOING UP TO MUCH

00:54:48 (14:31)
Pilot
IT DOESN'T DIS... APPARENTLY DOESN'T DISCONNECT THE AUTO...

00:54:50 (14:33 ‰)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT)

00:54:52 (14:35)
Copilot
AUTOPILOT DISCONNECTED, BETTER IF WE CONTROL IT ON BASICS, ISN'T IT?

00:54:57 (14:40)
Pilot
LET'S SEE THE TRIM

00:54:58 (14:41)
ATC Lima
ACCORDING TO PRESENTATION YOU ARE CROSSING RADIAL 230 FROM LIMA, DISTANCE WEST SOUTHWEST IS 37 MILES

00:55:07 (14:50)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR A ALARM DE PRECAUTION)

00:55:07 (14:50)
Copilot to ATC
CORRECT... WE WILL... WE HAVE PROBLEMS HERE FOR READING INSTRUMENTS, YOU WILL HAVE TO HELP US IN ALTITUDES AND SPEED IF POSSIBLE

00:55:17 (15:00)
ATC Lima
OK, ROGER

00:55:21 (15:04)
Copilot to ATC
UNTIL WE REACH THE LOCALIZER BEAM AND WE WILL NAVIGATE SOME 30 MILES NORTH OF THE LOCALIZER OF LIMA VOR TO CENTER IN THE ILS

00:55:30 (15:13)
Pilot
LET'S SEE... IF YOU SET THE ILS?

00:55:34 (15:17)
ATC Lima
AFFIRMATIVE, ROGER

00:55:38 (15:21)
Pilot
IT DOESN'T HAVE ALT HOLD... SET THE APPROACH, PLEASE

00:55:41 (15:24)
Copilot
I DID IT, I DID IT

00:55:42 (15:25)
Pilot
THEN LET'S GO

00:55:44 (15:27)
Copilot
OK THE APPROACH... SET IT IN SMALL ONLY... SPEED, THIS IS THE SHIT THAT WILL... US

00:55:52 (15:35)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, WE WILL TRY TO GO DOWN, OK WITH THIS COURSE AND... WHY IT DOESN'T APPEAR... AH... OK, OK

00:55:58 (15:41)
Copilot
NOW I HAVE...

00:56:00 (15:43)
Pilot
I'LL TRY TO GO DOWN WITH EVERYTHING CUT... AH... OK.

00:56:09 (15:52)
Copilot
IT'S GOING UP

00:56:12 (15:55)
Pilot
LET'S GO DOWN TO TEN THOUSAND FEET... WHY DOES SPEED GETS SO HIGH? IS IT THE REAL SPEED?

00:56:21 (16:04)
Copilot
THIS IS WHAT WORRIES Æ ME... NO, I DON'T THINK SO...

00:56:28 (16:11)
Pilot
IT CAN'T BE... THEN... RUDDER RATIO, MACH TRIM... THEN IF THERE IS NOT THAT... MACH SPEED TRIM?

00:56:36 (16:19)
Copilot
NO, THERE IS NO MACH SPEED TRIM... I DON'T FIND... LET'S SEE, KEEP FLYING IT. IT WILL...

00:56:42 (16:25)
Pilot
YEAH

00:56:45 (16:28)
Copilot
IT'S CUT AND THE SPEED CONTINUES...

00:56:47 (16:30)
Copilot to ATC
CAN YOU TELL US THE SPEED, PLEASE?

00:56:49 (16:32)
ATC Lima
IT INDICATES 320

00:56:52 (16:35)
Pilot
WE HAVE 3500 BUT NO....

00:56:53 (16:36)
Copilot to ATC
CORRECT, WE HAVE ALL ENGINES CUT AND IT'S ACCELERATING... ACCELERATING.

00:56:59 (16:42)
ATC Lima
OK, ROGER

00:57:00 (16:43)
Copilot
TAKE THE SPEED BRAKE OUT.

00:57:02 (16:45)
Pilot
NO... EH... NO. LET'S SEE, MAY BE... LET'S SEE, TAKE OUT...

00:57:05 (16:48)
Copilot
SPEED IS OK. ALL THREE INDICATOR ARE OK IN SPEED... FAST, FAST.

00:57:10 (16:53)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT FOR 10 SECONDS)

00:57:12 (16:55)
Copilot
OVERSPEED... TAKE THEM OUT
(FDR analysis show that there was no overspeed. Overspeed alarm activated due to misinformation provided by air data computer depending on static ports)

00:57:18 (17:01)
Copilot
WARNING

00:57:22 (17:05)
Copilot
RUDDER RATIO
(Rudder ratio alarm activates again. Confusion increases with the overspeed alarm on when engines are cut down)

00:57:22 (17:05)
Pilot
IT CAN'T BE... RUDDER RATIO ONLY AND THERE IS RUDDER RATIO...THERE IS NOT AND IT DOESN'T DISCONNECT NOTHING

00:57:30 (17:13)
Copilot
ALL ENGINE INSTRUMENTS ARE OK, ALL ENGINE INSTRUMENTS ARE OK, SHIT!

00:57:34 (17:17)
Pilot
WHAT WOULD BE THE REAL SPEED?

00:57:38 (17:21)
Copilot
THIS ONE IS OK. THEY ARE OK THE SPEED... AIRSPEED

00:57:42 (17:25)
Pilot
BUT WITH ALL POWER CUT DOWN, IT CAN'T BE, WITH ALL CUT DOWN... THERE'S A PROBLEM WITH THE SOURCE INSTRUMENT

00:57:52 (17:35)
Copilot
INSTRUMENT SOURCE, SELECTOR, FLIGHT DIRECTOR, CENTER

00:57:58 (17:41)
Pilot
THE SAME, NOTHING CHANGES HERE

00:57:59 (17:42)
Copilot
NOTHING CHANGES

00:58:00 (17:43)
Pilot
NAV

00:58:13 (17:56)
Pilot
LET'S SEE, HOW MANY MILES... AT 30 MILES FROM LIMA, WE START DESCENDING WITH SPOILERS AND FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE

00:58:25 (18:08)
Cabin
(SOUND OF BEAT)

00:58:29 (18:12)
Copilot
SPEED WILL BE...

00:58:32 (18:15)
Pilot
WE WILL SET TWO FIFTY

00:58:37 (18:20)
ATC Lima
YOU ARE CROSSING THE 260 OF LIMA, AT 31 MILES WEST. FLIGHT LEVEL IS 100 PLUS SEVEN HUNDRED, AND APPROXIMATE SPEED IS 280 OVER THE GROUND

00:58:52 (18:35)
Pilot
YEAH... PERFECT

00:58:53 (18:36)
Copilot to ATC
YEAH, BUT WE HAVE AN INDICATION OF 350 KNOTS HERE

00:58:56 (18:39)
Pilot
LET'S PUT

00:58:58 (18:41)
ATC Lima
ROGER

00:59:04 (18:47)
Pilot
WHY ARE THESE MORE CLEAR?

00:59:08 (18:52)
Cabin
(A TWO TONE OVER SPEED ALARM TRIGGERS AND WILL KEEP ON UNTIL THE END OF THE RECORDING)
00:59:10 (18:53)
Pilot
OVERSPEED

00:59:11 (18:54)
Pilot
FUCKING SHIT! I HAVE SPEED BRAKES. EVERYTHING HAS GONE, ALL INSTRUMENTS WENT TO SHIT EVERYTHING HAS GONE ALL OF THEM...
(Until that moment he has kept the air brakes activated, that's why he does not understand why speed has not decreased. But the truth is that the speed decreased even to a dangerous level. So 17 seconds after the overspeed warning and while it was on, the shaker alarm activates indicating stall warning)

00:59:27 (19:10)
Cabin
(SOUND OF STALL WARNING ALARM)

00:59:29 (19:12)
Copilot
WE ARE GOING DOWN..!

00:59:32 (19:15)
Pilot
AH...

00:59:34 (19:17)
Copilot
I DON'T THINK SO... IT CAN'T BE OVERSPEED.

00:59:35 (19:18)
Cabin
(SOUND OF STALL WARNING ALARM)

00:59:37 (19:20)
Copilot
WE ARE FLYING... LOOSING OF...

00:59:41 (19:24)
Cabin
(SOUND OF STALL WARNING ALARM)

00:59:45 (19:28)
Copilot to ATC

IS THERE ANY POSSIBILITIES OF...

00:59:46 (19:29)
Cabin
(SOUND OF STALL WARNING ALARM)

00:59:48 (19:31)
Copilot to ATC
WE STILL HAVE OVERSPEED.

00:59:49 (19:32)
Pilot
BUT WITH SPOILERS.. ALL OF THE...

00:59:51 (19:34)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, RESCUE HAS BEEN WARNED...

00:59:55 (19:38)
Copilot to ATC
WE REQUEST... IS THERE ANY AIRPLANE THAT CAN TAKE OFF TO RESCUE US?

01:00:05 (19:48)
Pilot
EH?... WAIT, NO, NO, NO, NO.

01:00:06 (19:49)
ATC Lima
YES, CORRECT, WE ARE GOING TO COORDINATE IMMEDIATELY, IT'S BEING COORDINATED IMMEDIATELY.

01:00:12 (19:55)
Copilot to ATC
ANY PLANE THAT CAN GUIDE US, AN AEROPERU THAT MAY BE AROUND? ...SOMEBODY?

01:00:17 (20:00)
Pilot
DON'T TELL HIM ANYTHING ABOUT THAT!

01:00:19 (20:02)
Copilot
YES, BECAUSE RIGHT NOW WE ARE STALLING...

01:00:21 (20:04)
ATC Lima
ATTENTION, WE HAVE A 707 THAT WILL DEPART TO PUDAHUEL (SCL), WE ARE TELLING HIM.

01:00:22 (20:05)
Pilot
WE ARE NOT STALLING! IT'S FICTITIOUS, IT'S FICTITIOUS.
(Pilot thinks that stall is not true. Schreiber is looking at the speedometers that indicate overspeed, which was wrong because the plane was loosing speed and air brakes were increasing lack of sustentation)

01:00:25 (20:08)
Copilot
NO! IF WE HAVE SHAKER HOW WOULD IT BE NOT...

01:00:27 (20:10)
Pilot
SHAKER... BUT IT IS... EH... BUT EVEN WITH SPEED BRAKES ON WE ARE MAINTAINING 9.500... WHY DO WE READ THE SAME..? I DON'T UNDERSTAND... POWER. WHAT POWER DO WE HAVE?
(Schreiber still believes in the altimeter when the stall alarm sounds. At that moment they check engine power that doesn't match with the 395 knots of indicated speed)

01:00:47 (20:30)
Copilot
THREE HUNDRED AND NINETY FIVE, FORTY TWO, N ONE K

01:00:49 (20:32)
Pilot
EFIS, IRS, AIR DATA, AIR DATA... HAVE YOU CHANGED THE AIR DATA?... LET'S SEE...

01:00:53 (20:36)
Copilot
LET'S SEE MY AIR DATA

01:00:54 (20:37)
Pilot
RELEASE YOUR AIR DATA

01:00:57 (20:40)
Copilot
IT'S COMING BACK, LOOK... MY SPEEDOMETER IS COMING BACK.

01:01:02 (20:45)
Pilot
NO, IT HAS GONE TO OFF

01:01:04 (20:47)
Copilot
IT HAS GONE TO OFF

01:01:14 (20:57)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603 YOU HAVE TURNED SLIGHTLY TO THE LEFT, NOW YOU ARE HEADING 320 AND YOUR LEVEL IS 100, APPROXIMATE SPEED OF 220 KNOTS AND A DISTANCE OF 32 MILES NORTHWEST OF LIMA.

01:01:16 (20:59)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO DOUBLE ALERT ALARM)

01:01:19 (21:02)
Copilot
YOU ARE GOING DOWN!... EH... ONE, ZERO, ZERO TO RUNWAY, LOOK!

01:01:32 (21:15)
Copilot
LET'S PROGRAM I THINK... EH...

01:01:35 (21:18)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE A PROBLEM HERE...

01:01:36 (21:19)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO RIBBON BEING TORN APART)

01:01:38 (21:21)
Copilot
OVERSPEED... IT DOESN'T CUT... THE OVERSPEED... WHERE IS THE OVERSPEED! WHERE IS THE OVERSPEED WARNING, SHIT!

01:01:46 (21:29)
Pilot
NINE THOUSAND FEET IF IT INDICATES YOU... IT'S FICTITIOUS EVERYTHING IS FICTITIOUS, ALL THE PITOT HAS GONE, THE AIR DATA HAS GONE TO SHIT

01:01:54 (21:37)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603, YOUR BASE IS INFORMING (ASKING) IF YOU HAVE BOTH COMPUTER SYSTEMS OUT OF SERVICE

01:02:00 (21:43)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE... NO INSTRUMENT IS WORKING AS SPEEDOMETER, WE HAVE OVERSPEED ALARM AND NO... APPARENTLY IT IS NOT....

01:02:09 (21:52)
ATC Lima
ROGER, LIMA

01:02:11 (21:54)
Copilot to ATC
...HAVING OVERSPEED SHAKER... ¸

01:02:13 (21:56)
Copilot
THE FAST FORWARD IS INDICATING TO HIGH SPEED

01:02:16 (21:59)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE ENGINES CUT DOWN AND DOESN'T DESACCELERATE APPARENTLY...

01:02:19 (22:02)
Pilot
APPARENTLY

01:02:20 (22:03)
ATC Lima
ROGER

01:02:23 (22:06)
Copilot
LET'S SEE. ACCELERATE ONE ENGINE... NO, IT EJECTS IT BACK

01:02:30 (22:13)
Pilot
BECAUSE THE AUTO-THROTTLE IS ON.

01:02:33 (22:16)
Copilot
AUTO-THROTTLE OFF

01:02:34 (22:17)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO ALERT ALARM)

01:02:37 (22:20)
Copilot
LET'S SEE... ACCELERATE!

01:02:41 (22:24)
ATC Lima
THE 707 WILL BE READY IN SOME 15 MINUTES TO FLY WEST IN YOUR HELP.

01:02:44 (22:27)
Cabin
(SOUND OF MECHANICAL ALERT VOICE "TOO LOW TERRAIN" FOR 45 SECONDS, 22 TIMES)

01:02:46 (22:29)
Pilot
WHAT HAPPEN?

01:02:49 (22:32)
Copilot
TOO LOW TERRAIN
(Pilots could have use the radio altimeters that are not subordinated to the static ports, but they didn't do it)

01:02:51 (22:34)
Pilot
BUT... LET'S GO LEFT
(Pilot assumes they are over ground)

01:02:59 (22:42)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE TERRAIN ALARM, WE HAVE TERRAIN ALARM!

01:03:20 (23:03)
Cabin
(SOUND OF MECHANICAL VOICE OF "WINDSHEAR" ALARM, THREE TIMES)

01:03:24 (23:07)
Cabin
(SOUND OF MECHANICAL ALERT VOICE "TOO LOW TERRAIN")

01:03:03 (22:46)
ATC Lima
ROGER, ACCORDING TO MONITOR... IT INDICATES FLIGHT LEVEL ONE ZERO ZERO, OVER THE SEA, HEADING A NORTHWEST COURSE OF 300

01:03:12 (22:55)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE TERRAIN ALARM AND WE ARE SUPPOSED TO BE AT 10,000 FEET?

01:03:24 (23:07)
Pilot
SHIT, WE HAVE EVERYTHING

01:03:31 (23:14)
Cabin
(SOUND OF MECHANICAL VOICE OF "WINDSHEAR" ALARM, THREE TIMES)

01:03:17 (23:00)
ATC Lima
ACCORDING TO MONITOR YOU HAVE ONE, ZERO, FIVE.

01:03:23 (23:06)
Copilot to ATC
WE HAVE ALL COMPUTERS CRAZY HERE...

01:03:34 (23:17)
Pilot
SHIT, WHAT THE HELL THESE ASSHOLES HAVE DONE.

01:03:28 (23:11)
ATC Lima
ROGER AEROPERU 603, IT SHOWS THAT YOU ARE TURNING LEFT, YOU ARE AIMING TO THE WEST.

01:03:34 (23:17)
Copilot to ATC
I DON'T UNDERSTAND

01:03:36 (23:19)
ATC Lima
IT SHOWS THAT YOU ARE TURNING LEFT, YOU ARE AIMING TO THE WEST.

01:03:41 (23:24)
Copilot to ATC
AFFIRMATIVE, WE ARE HEADING 250, BUT WE ARE GOING OVER THE SEA BECAUSE WE HAVE LOW TERRAIN ALARM...

01:03:42 (23:25)
Pilot
WE ARE GOING TO THE SEA

01:03:47 (23:30)
ATC Lima
YES, AFFIRMATIVE. IT SHOWS THAT YOU ARE AT 42 MILES, FLYING WITH COURSE WEST, COURSE 250 HEADING WEST ³

01:03:54 (23:37)
Copilot to ATC
WE ARE OVER WATER, AREN'T WE?

01:03:56 (23:40)
Cabin
(SOUND OF ALERT ALARM)
01:03:57 (23:40)
ATC Lima
AFFIRMATIVE, OVER THE WATER, YOU ARE 42 MILES WEST

01:04:00 (23:43)
Copilot to ATC
OK.

01:04:04 (23:47)
Pilot
ARE WE GOING DOWN NOW?

01:04:04 (23:47)
Copilot to ATC
WE DON'T HAVE... WE HAVE LIKE 370 KNOTS, ARE WE DESCENDING NOW?

01:04:10 (23:53)
ATC Lima
IT SHOWS THE SAME SPEED... YOU HAVE 200 SPEED APPROXIMATELY

01:04:13 (23:56)
Copilot to ATC
200 OF SPEED?

01:04:15 (23:58)
ATC Lima
220 OF SPEED OVER THE GROUND, REDUCING SPEED SLIGHTLY

01:04:22 (24:05)
Pilot
SHIT! WE WILL STALL NOW...

01:04:24 (24:07)
Cabin
(SOUND OF MECHANICAL ALERT VOICE "SINK RATE" FOUR TIMES) (SOUND OF ALERT ALARM)
(The sink rate alarm activates due to a high rate of descend. This alarm is not related with static ports.)

01:04:32 (24:15)
Copilot
LET'S GO UP, LET'S SEE. LET'S GO UP HERE.
(They avoid stalling. Aircraft climbs to 2,400, descends to 1,300, then goes to 4,000 feet. Even with these changes, altimeters keep showing above 9,000. At that point the ground alarm is off and they think that flight level is 10,000 feet.)

01:04:36 (24:19)
Pilot
ARE YOU GRABBING?

01:04:37 (24:20)
Copilot
NO

01:04:38 (24:21)
Pilot
NO

01:04:39 (24:22)
Copilot
LET'S GO UP A LITTLE TO SEE...

01:04:40 (24:23)
Pilot
YES, YES I AM...

01:04:42 (24:25)
Copilot
OVERSPEED, THIS SHIT

01:04:46 (24:29)
Pilot
THE OVERSPEED NO, THIS... EH... CABIN ALTITUDE ALERT, MACH, NOW WE MUST...

01:04:58 (24:41)
Copilot
SHIT

01:05:03 (24:46)
Pilot
EH... READ ONE BY ONE , I FLIGHT HERE... AND 45 MILES... YOU READ, YOU MAKE THE EMERGENCY

01:05:14 (24:57)
Copilot
OVERSPEED... FUCK... GO HIGHER

01:05:24 (25:07)
Pilot
THESE SONS OF A BITCH

01:05:27 (25:10)
Copilot
YOUR SPEAKER, LET'S SEE...

01:05:30 (25:13)
Copilot
OVERSPEED AGAIN

01:05:40 (25:23)
Copilot
I DON'T HAVE OVERSPEED... I DON'T HAVE OVERSPEED...

01:05:49 (25:32)
Copilot
AUTO-THROTTLE, CABIN ALTITUDE INOPERATIVE

01:05:52 (25:35)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603, YOU ARE AT 50 MILES FROM LIMA FLYING WEST, COURSE 270, WITH LEVEL 100

01:06:01 (25:22)
Pilot
OK... LET'S GO BACK, LETS SET COURSE HUNDRED... HUNDRED...
(As they felt that the emergency was under control, Schreiber decides to go back to Lima and initiate descending procedure)

01:06:03 (25:46)
Copilot to ATC
AH... AFFIRMATIVE, WE ARE SETTING COURSE 360

01:06:07 (25:50)
ATC Lima
OK. ROGER, CORRECT

01:06:09 (25:52)
Copilot to ATC
AH...DO YOU HAVE SPEED?

01:06:10 (25:53)
ATC Lima
YES, IT SHOWS A SPEED OF APPROXIMATELY 300 KNOTS D

01:06:15 (25:58)
Copilot to ATC
WHAT ABOUT SOME PLANE THAT CAN GIVE US...

01:06:18 (26:01)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, A BOEING 707 HAS BEEN COORDINATED, IT WILL BE READY IN ABOUT 15 MINUTES, THE TOWER INFORMED SOME MINUTES AGO.

01:06:30 (26:13)
Copilot
AUTOPILOT, OVERSPEED, I DON'T FIND OVERSPEED
(Copilot keeps reading the manual looking for overspeed indications)

01:06:34 (26:17)
Pilot
HOW DO WE KNOW THE SPEED WE HAVE?

01:06:37 (26:20)
Copilot
FAST, FAST

01:06:46 (26:29)
Copilot
HORIZONS ARE OK...

01:06:47 (26:30)
Pilot
EH?

01:06:48 (26:31)
Copilot
HORIZONS ARE RIGHT, ITS THE ONLY THING THAT IS RIGHT

01:06:51 (26:34)
Pilot
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE

01:07:00 (26:43)
Copilot
APU, ENGINES, AUTOFLIGHT, APU ENGINES, AUTO-FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS, CARGO FIRE, DITCHING, EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT, PASSENGER EVACUATION, ELECTRICAL, F |LIGHT CONTROLS, FUEL, HYDRAULIC ICE AND RAIN, LANDING GEAR, FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS, AUTO-THROTTLE DISCONNECT... LET'S SEE IF WE PUT THE...

01:07:24 (27:07)
Pilot
CABIN ALT INOPERATIVE

01:07:25 (27:08)
Copilot
YEAH, NEVER MIND, LET'S PUT IN MANUAL, TO GO DOWN MANUAL ZERO TEN, THAT'S IT

01:07:39 (27:22)
Copilot
AUTO DISCONNECT... 390 KNOTS SAYS HERE, EH... ON THE AIRSPEED INDICATOR

01:07:46 (27:29)
Pilot
YEAH

01:07:49 (27:32)
Copilot
I'LL TRY TO INTERCEPT THE ILS, I'M TRYING TO GO DOWN

01:08:03 (27:46)
Copilot to ATC
LIMA, AEROPERU 603, WE WILL TRY TO INTERCEPT THE ILS, LET'S SEE IF YOU TELL US IF WE ARE IN...

01:08:07 (27:50)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:08:09 (27:52)
ATC Lima
ROGER, AEROPERU 603, YOU SHOW NOW LEVEL NINE SEVEN HUNDRED

01:08:15 (27:58)
Copilot
THAT IS RIGHT

01:08:16 (27:59)
ATC Lima
STAND BY TO VERIFY SPEED. THE 707 IS ABOUT TO TAKE OFF. IT IS STARTING TO MOVE

01:08:18 (28:01)
Pilot
THIS IS FUCK OFF

01:08:23 (28:06)
Copilot to ATC
VERIFY THE SPEED, IT IS VERY IMPORTANT, WE DON'T HAVE SPEED ON BOARD

01:08:27 (28:10)
ATC Lima
CORRECT YOU ARE STARTING TURN AND IT SHOWS A VELOCITY OF 270 GROUND SPEED

01:08:31 (28:14)
Copilot
NOT SO MUCH, THERE IT IS ERIC, 270 IS FINE
(Fernandez asks pilot not to increase speed that is being set to one of the instruments)

01:08:41 (28:24)
Pilot
ALERTS, ALTITUDE ALERTS

01:08:44 (28:27)
Copilot
ALTITUDE, AUTOPILOT, DON'T PUT ANY AUTOPILOT, CAPTAIN... ALT ALERT, AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT...

01:08:50 (28:33)
Pilot
LET'S GO TO "SIGAS"

01:08:52 (28:35)
Copilot
...AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT, ZERO SIX ZERO THREE

01:08:56 (28:39)
Pilot
ASK HIM TO TELL US...

01:08:56 (28:39)
Copilot
AUTO PILOT DISCONNECT... CREW AWARENESS NOTHING ELSE SAYS... AUTOPILOT INOPERATIVE, AUTO THROTTLE DISCONNECT... CREW AWARENESS

01:09:00 (28:43)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:09:03 (28:46)
Copilot
ALT, ALERT, CABIN INOPERATIVE, RUDDER RATIO, THERE IS NOTHING NEW... BUT THE OVERSPEED...

01:09:09 (28:52)
ATC Lima
COURSE TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER. APPROXIMATELY AT 30 MILES YOU MUST FLY HEADING 070 APPROXIMATELY. KEEP THE COURSE STABLE TO INFORM YOU

01:09:14 (28:57)
Copilot
YES, TURN NOW... ZERO SEVENTY

01:09:24 (29:07)
Copilot to ATC
WE WILL KEEP 070, WE KEEP COURSE, IT SEEMS THAT WE HAVE THE RIGHT COURSE, WHAT WE DON'T HAVE IS AIRSPEED INDICATOR AND ALTITUDE 9,700 FEET

01:09:33 (29:16)
Pilot
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE

01:09:36 (29:19)
ATC Lima
CORRECT, ALTITUDE IS 9.700 AND THE SPEED IS 240 KNOTS OVER THE GROUND ACCORDING TO MONITOR

01:09:43 (39:26)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:09:44 (29:27)
Copilot
WHAT IF WE PUT FLAPS?...TWO HUNDRED FORTY

01:09:45 (29:28)
Pilot
WHAT?

01:09:46 (29:29)
Copilot
IF WE PUT FLAPS?

01:09:47 (29:30)
ATC Lima
...AND AT 51 MILES FROM LIMA

01:09:48 (29:31)
Pilot
OK

01:09:50 (29:33)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:09:53 (29:36)
Copilot
ZERO SEVENTY... I WANT TO TAKE THAT SHIT OUT OF THERE!

01:09:57 (29:40)
Pilot
THE OVERSPEED?... BUT YOU CAN'T

01:09:59 (29:42)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:09:58 (29:41)
Copilot
YOU CAN'T?

01:09:59 (29:42)
Pilot
LET'S SEE... YOU, SWITCH YOUR THING

01:10:02 (29:45)
Copilot
AIR DATA?... NO... BUT IT'S FLYING WELL, I HAVE THE... IF NOT, I'M GOING SHIT

01:10:06 (29:49)
Pilot
HOW CAN IT BE FLYING AT THIS SPEED IF WE ARE GOING DOWN WITH ALL THE POWER CUT OFF

01:10:10 (29:53)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:10:13 (29:56)
Copilot to ATC
CAN YOU TELL ME THE ALTITUDE PLEASE, BECAUSE WE HAVE THE CLIMB THAT DOESN'T...

01:10:16 (29:59)
Pilot
NINE

01:10:17 (30:00)
Cabin
(ALARM OF MECHANICAL VOICE "TOO LOW TERRAIN" REMAINS UNTIL THE END OF RECORDING)

01:10:21 (30:04)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:10:18 (30:01)
ATC Lima
YES, YOU KEEP NINE SEVEN HUNDRED ACCORDING TO PRESENTATION, SIR

01:10:21 (30:04)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:10:21 (30:04)
Copilot to ATC
NINE SEVEN HUNDRED?

01:10:26 (30:09)
ATC Lima
YES, CORRECT. WHAT IS THE INDICATED ALTITUDE ON BOARD? HAVE YOU ANY VISUAL REFERENCE?

01:10:29 (30:12)
Copilot to ATC
NINE SEVEN HUNDRED BUT IT INDICATES TOO LOW TERRAIN... ARE YOU SURE THAT YOU HAVE US ON THE RADAR AT 50 MILES?

01:10:38 (30:21)
Pilot
HEY, LOOK... WITH 370 WE HAVE... HAVE...

01:10:46 (30:29)
Copilot
HAVE WHAT? 370 OF WHAT?

01:10:53 (30:36)
Copilot
DO WE LOWER THE GEAR?

01:10:54 (30:37)
ATC Lima
AEROPERU 603, LIMA

01:10:55 (30:38)
Pilot
BUT, WHAT DO WE DO WITH THE GEAR? DON'T KNOW... THAT

01:10:57 (30:40)
Cabin
(SOUND OF IMPACT)

01:10:58 (30:41)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:10:59 (30:42)
Copilot to ATC
WE ARE IMPACTING WATER!!

01:11:01 (30:44)
Copilot
PULL IT UP!!

01:11:02 (30:45)
ATC Lima
GO UP, GO UP IF IT INDICATES PULL UP

01:11:05 (30:48)
Pilot
I HAVE IT, I HAVE IT!

01:11:07 (30:50)
Cabin
(MECHANICAL VOICE SOUND "TOO LOW TERRAIN" STOPS)

01:11:12 (30:55)
Pilot
WE ARE GOING TO INVERT! (UPSIDE DOWN.)

01:11:13 (30:56)
Cabin
(SOUND SIMILAR TO CAUTION ALARM)

01:11:14 (30:57)
Cabin
(SOUND OF MECHANICAL VOICE "WHOOP... WHOOP... PU..."

01:11:16 (30:59)
Cabin
(SOUND OF IMPACT)
(A last impact noise is heard. Altimeters are indicating 9.700 feet)

END OF TRANSCRIPTION

According to FDR, aircraft was descending at a 10 degrees angle, 260 knots when impacts water for the first time with left wing and engine. After the impact the aircraft climbs some 200 feet, inverts and falls again sinking into the sea.